Dandi March: Path to India’s Freedom

In the Lahore Convention of 1929, Indian National Congress unanimously decided to launch India's Freedom Struggle. Mahatma Gandhiwas given the baton. During same time British levied staggering 2400% tax on salt, an item of daily necessity. Mahatma Gandhi decided to begin the freedom struggle with this cause ofnon-cooperation towards the salt tax. Many doubted this cause, but Mahatma Gandhi stood to his conviction & soon message of Dandi March reverberated throughout India.

World has witnessed many freedom struggles, but none as unique as Dandi March.The yearwas 1930 Mahatma Gandhi decided to protest British Government’s position of tax on salt. The noble path Mahatma chosewas that of non-cooperation. Taking 80 marchers with him, he began 390 kilometer long walk from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi.Throughout the path, thousands of people came to pay their homage. He taught them the noble way of truth & non-violence. Finally reaching Dandi, they took a pinch salt and the message for India’s independence resounded through the world.

Timeline

DATE PLACE Significant Events DISTANCE
March 12 Aslali At 6.30 am Gandhi sets out from Sabarmati Ashram with seventy-eight satyagrahis on the March to Dandi.
Dandi March: Evening halt at Aslali
13 Miles
March 13 Bareja, Navagam Day halt at Bareja. Evening halt at Navagam 9 Miles
March 14 Wasna, Matar Satish Kalelkar and Kharag Bahadur Singh join the "first batch" Marchers.
Day halt at Wasna. Evening halt at Matar.
10 Miles
March 15 Dabhan, Nadiad Day halt at Dabhan. Evening halt at Nadiad. 15 Miles
March 16 Boriavi, Anand Day halt at Boriavi. Evening halt at Anand. 15 Miles
March 17 Anand Rest day in Anand  
March 18 Napa, Borsad Day halt at Napa. Evening halt at Borsad. 11 Miles
March 19 Ras, Kankapura Day halt at Ras. Evening speech at Kankapura.
The crossing of the river Mahi Sagar during night of 19/20 March.
12 Miles
March 20 Crossed river Mahi Sagar in early morning and slept on bank, Kareli. Halt at Kareli 11 Miles
March 21 Gajera, Ankhi AICC meeting at Ahmedabad confirms Working Committee resolution of February 14-16.
March day halt at Gajera. Evening halt at Ankhi.
11 Miles
March 22 Jambusar, Amod Gandhi meets with AICC delegates.
Motilal Nehru donates Anand Bhavan to Congress.
Day halt at Jambusar. Evening halt at Amod.
12 Miles
March 23 Buva, Samni Day halt at Buva. Evening halt at Samni. 12 Miles
March 24 Samni Rest day in Samni  
March 25 Tralsa, Derol Day halt at Tralsa. Evening halt at Derol. 10 Miles
March 26 Broach, Ankleshwar
(crossed River Narmada)
Day halt at Broach. Evening halt at Ankleshwar. 13 Miles
March 27 Sajod, Mangrol Day halt at Sajod. Evening halt at Mangrol. 12 Miles
March 28 Rayma, Umrachi
(crossed River Kim)
Day halt at Rayma. Evening halt at Umrachi. 10 Miles
March 29 Ertham, Bhatgam Day halt at Ertham. Evening halt at Bhatgam 10 Miles
March 30 Sandhier, Delad Day halt at Sandhier. Evening halt at Delad. 10 Miles
March 31 Delad Rest day in Delad.  
April 1 Chhaprabhatha, Surat
(crossed river Tapti)
Day halt at Chhaprabhata. Evening halt outside Surat. Mass meeting in Surat city. 11 Miles
April 2 Dindoli, Vanz Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Opposition Leader in Legislative Assembly, resigns his seat.
March day halt at Dindoli. Evening halt at Vanz.
12 Miles
April 3 Dhaman, Navsari Day halt at Dhaman. Evening halt at Navsari. 13 Miles
April 4 Vijalpur, Matwad Day halt at Vijalpur. Evening halt at Matwad. 19 Miles
April 5 Dandi Marchers arrive and spend the day at Dandi. 4 Miles
April 6,    At 6.30 am Gandhi breaks Salt Law at Dandi. Commencement of the Salt Satyagraha.  

Marchers

Sr. No. Name Description Age Province
1 Mohandas Gandhi   61 Gujarat
2 Pyarelal On personal staff of Gandhi. B.A.; non-cooperated as M.A. student in 1920.  30 Punjab
3 Chhaganlal Joshi B.A. Bombay; has been manager of the Ashram ever since Maganlal Gandhi's death; was student of Patric Geddes; non-cooperated in 1920. 35 Gujarat
4 Pandit Khare Has had 12 years' training in Pandit Vishnu Digambar's Academy of Music;
teaches music and conducts prayers. 
42 Maharashtra
5 Ganpatrav Godshe Graduate of the Gujarat Vidyapith; teacher.  25 Maharashtra
6 Prathviraj Asar Student in Ashram School.  19 Cutch
7 Mahavir Giri Student in Ashram School.  20 Nepal
8 Bal Kalelkar Student in Ashram School. Younger son of Kakasaheb Kalelkar. 18 Maharashtra
9 Jayanti Parekh Student in Ashram School.  18 Gujarat
10 Rasik Desai Student in Ashram School.  17 Gujarat
11 Vitthal Liladhar Thakkar Student in Ashram School.  16 Gujarat
12 Harakhji Weaver, belonging to the so-called "untouchable" community. 18 Gujarat
13 Tansukh Bhatt Belongs to Cow Service Association.  20 Gujarat
14 Kanti Gandhi Student. Gandhiji's grandson.  20 Gujarat
15 Chhotubhai Patel Khadi Weaver.  22 Gujarat
16 Valjibhai Desai Was lecturer in English, Gujarat College, left it as he was not permitted to attend Congress in 1916. Was professor Hindu University and is now a professor at the Gujarat Vidyapith. Long associated with Young India . Went to jail in 1921.  35 Gujarat
17 Pannalal Jhaveri Belongs to the Cow Service Association. Son of the late Dewan of Panna State. 25 Gujarat
18 Abbas Varteji Expert in carding and spinning teaches in the Khadi Technical School. 20 Gujarat
19 Punjabhai Shah Was in Ashram for some years.  25 Gujarat
20 Madhavjibhai Has had a successful business career in London. Left flourishing business in Calcutta to join Ashram short while ago. 40 Cutch
21 Naranjibhai Was Khadi worker in Orissa.  25 Cutch
22 Maganbhai Vora Was Khadi worker in Orissa.  25 Cutch
23 Dungarsibhai Was Khadi worker in Orissa.  27 Cutch
24 Somabhai Patel Was in charge of Ashram agriculture. Has been in jail in connection with Nagpur Flag Satyagraha. 25 Gujarat
25 Hasmukhram Jokhakar In charge of Agriculture Department. 25 Gujarat
26 Daudbhai Was formerly on the office staff of Currimbhai Mills.  25 Bombay
27 Ramjibhai Vankar Weaver associated with Ashram for over 12 years. 45 Gujarat
28 Dinkarrav Pandya Dairy expert and B.Sc. (Calif.). Has had long training and experience in America. Left lucrative position and is now in charge of Ashram dairy. 30 Gujarat
29 Dvarkanath Teacher in gymnastics and Khadi organiser.  30 Maharashtra
30 Gajanana Khare Dyeing teacher. Khadi Technical School.  25 Maharashtra
31 Jethalal Ruparel Khadi Department. 25 Cutch
32 Govind Harkare Khadi student.  25 Maharashtra
33 Pandurang Khadi student.  22 Maharashtra
34 Vinayakrav Apte Khadi worker.  33 Maharashtra
35 Ramdhirrai Was postman in Burma, left service to join Khadi Department. 30 United
 Province
36 Sultansinh Khadi student.  25 Rajputana
37 Bhanushankar Dave Khadi student.  22 Gujarat
38 Munshilal Khadi student.  25 United
 Province
39 Raghavanji Khadi student.  25 Kerala
40 Ravjibhai Patel Non-cooperated in 1920 from Grant Medical College; pioneer Khadi worker in Gujarat; one of Vallabhbhai Patel's volunteers in Flood and Famine Relief. 30 Gujarat
41 Shivabhai Patel Graduate, Gujarat Vidyapith, on the office staff.  27 United
 Province
42 Shankarbhai Patel Teacher.  35 Gujarat
43 Jashbhai Patel Khadi student.  20 Gujarat
44 Sumangal Prakash Graduate, Kashi Vidyapith. Professor of Hindi, Gujarat Vidyapith.  25 United
 Province
45 Titusji Diploma of the Indian Dairy Department. Worker in Cow Service Association. 25 Kerala
46 Krishna Nair Graduate of the Jamia University and Khadi student.  25 Kerala
47 Tapan Nair Khadi student.  25 Tamilnad
48 Haridas Varjivandas Gandhi Was in cotton business.  25 Gujarat
49 Chimanlal Worker in Gujarat Flood Relief and Khadi Department.  25 Gujarat
50 Shankaran Khadi student.  25 Kerala
51 Subrahmanyam Khadi student.  25 Andhra
52 Ramaniklal Modi B.A. (Bom.); teacher in Ashram School.  38 Gujarat
53 Madan Mohan Chaturvedi B.A. (Allah) Was businessman in Karachi.  27 Rajputana
54 Harilal Mahimtura B.A., L.L.B. (Bom.) Khadi student 27 Bombay
55 Motibas Das Khadi student.  20 Utkal
56 Haridas Muzumdar M.A., Ph.D. (Wisconsin). Has just returned from America.  25 Gujarat
57 Anand Hingorani B.A. (Bom.). Son of retired executive engineer.  24 Sindh
58 Mahadev Martanda Khadi student.  18 Karnataka
59 Jayanti Prasad Khadi student.  30 United
 Province
60 Hariprasad Born in Fiji; deputed to go to India to qualify as a national worker.  20 United
 Province
61 Girivardhari Chaudhari Khadi student.  20 Bihar
62 Keshav Chitre Khadi student.  25 Maharashtra
63 Ambalal Patel Non-cooperated from Grant Medical College in 1920. Pioneer Khadi worker; one of Vallabhbhai Patel's volunteers in Famine and Flood Relief. 30 Gujarat
64 Vishnu Pant Khadi student. 25 Maharashtra
65 Premrajji Khadi student.  35 Punjab
66 Durgesh Chandra Das Khadi student; left Government Service in Bengal.  44 Bengal
67 Madhavlal Shah B.A. (Bom.)Teacher.  27 Gujarat
68 Jyotiramji Khadi student.  30 United
 Province
69 Surajbhan Was Secretary, Ambala Congress Committee. Went to jail in 1921. 34 Punjab
70 Bhairav Datta Khadi student.  25 United
 Province
71 Lalji Parmar Weaver.  25 Gujarat
72 Ratnaji Boria Belongs to Antyaj Ashram in Godhra.  18 Gujarat
73 Vishnu Sharma Teacher.  30 Maharashtra
74 Chintamani Shastri An old inmate of the Ashram, belongs to National School, Sasvane. 40 Maharashtra
75 Narayan Datta Khadi student.  24 Rajputana
76 Manilal Gandhi Was editor Indian Opinion; just returned from South Africa; second son of Gandhiji. 38 Gujarat
77 Surendraji Sanskrit scholar and now in charge of Ashram tannery. 30 United
 Province
78 Haribhai Mohani B.A. Teacher.  32 Maharashtra
79 Puratan Buch Graduate of Gujarat Vidyapith.  25 Gujarat
80 Sardar Kharag Bahadur Giri B.A. Commerce (Calcutta). Ex-law student and convict. Killer of Hiralal Agarwalla in defence of the honour of Rajkumari. 32 Nepal
81 Satis (Shankar) Kalelkar Gave up studies at Ferguson College, Poona to join struggle. Elder son of Kakasaheb Kalelkar. 20 Maharashtra
Marchers